Wapta Mountain

August 15, 2012


Yoho National Park, BC

Wapta Mountain is not a big mountain, but surely an interesting one in the heart of Yoho National Park. It’s rated as a “difficult scramble” in Alan Kane’s Scrambles in the Canadian Rockies, but after a bit of research, I found it was more than just a “difficult scramble”. The summit block has a bypass ledge according to Vern’s trip report but the on-route crux chimney is actually a 5.4 rock climb. Therefore Kevin and I decided to bring rope and climbing shoes.

Wapta Mountain standard scramble route

Wapta Mountain standard scramble route

We met at 6:15 am in the morning at the Petro Canada along Highway 1, drove to Yoho Valley and parked at the Whiskey Jack Hostel. This was also the start for Iceline Trail so not surprisingly, we were there with many tourists (hikers). I did Iceline Trail during the Little Yoho trip two weeks ago, therefore I knew exactly where we should go. Basically, follow the signed trail towards Yoho Lake. The trail started steeply up the headwall, but after passing the Iceline Trail junction, the grade eased and the trail traversed horizontally around the mountain towards south-west. The approach was longer than expected but with fast walking we soon arrived at Yoho Lake.


A view from Yoho Lake Trail.


Micheal Peak looks impressive from Yoho Lake


Looking down into the Lake, you can see the reflection of Micheal Peak

Another look at Yoho Lake

Another look at Yoho Lake

Circumventing the lake, we soon passed a campground. Comparing to Little Yoho, this campground was much quieter. After that, we had to follow the signed trail towards Emerald Pass. The trail travelled beneath the impressive cliffs for a short distance then entered the woods again. Soon after that the view opened up and we were in an avalanche gully. Note: This is not the gully you want to ascend. We kept going along the trail for another 5 min, then we arrived at the big avalanche slope. There we go, this was the one we wanted to ascend. By this point, you should be amazed by the view of Mount Carnavon and The Presidents.

Another group arriving at the campground

Another group arriving at the campground


Emerald Glacier between President and Vice President

A wider look at The Presidents

A wider look at The Presidents

We took a short energy break and soon started trudging up the gully. Taking Vern’s advice, we stayed in the middle to aim for interesting slab scrambling. It was harder than I thought and involved some hands-on stuffs. After a bit of fun, we traversed climber’s right out of the gully and ascended the grassy slope towards the first rock step. Following a path and some cairns, we pretty much walked up the first band. I helped Kevin taking a video for his Summits-for-Seniors Project, but it didn’t work out (we took another one on the way down for this part). Another grass slope led us to another rock band. This one was higher and more involved. I spotted a chimney and went straight up it, and it turned out to be more challenging… The hand holds were really good, but there was one overhanging move involved. The smarter Kevin did a bit detour and found a bypass which was only moderate. Oh well, he took the challenge on the way down for fun anyway, so we both got the chimney climb.


Looking down at the access gully.


Kevin climbing up one of the rock bands


Emerald Lake behind.

After climbing up through this black band, we were on a upper bowl looking towards another more broken brown band. We chose to ascend steep talus / boulder field to aim for an obvious break straight ahead. It appeared very loose, but turned out to be very solid. I almost never have fun on boulder field and talus slope, but this time I did. Some hands-on moves were required before topping out. Now we could see the entire summit block. We decided to go climber’s left aiming for the left skyline ridge, but what a mistake… Although we had solid ground going towards the summit block, we had to side-slope on crappy talus slope on frozen solid ground around the base of it, which was very tedious…


The summit block. We had to traverse to the corner of bottom right.

Traversing over the north corner, we were back on route again. We traversed under the impressive cliffs while keeping our eye on them for searching the possible routes up. At one point we had to wedge in between rock and snow. The correct chimney was hard to miss as it was marked by cairns and flagging. We also spotted Vern’s bypass ledge. Kevin tried the ledge but backed off as he thought it was too exposed. Therefore we decided to rope up the chimney. From below, it didn’t look that serious though.


Traversing around the summit block.


The crux-bypass starts at this ledge. We didn’t go up this way.

Kevin led up the chimney, which in his opinion, was a pitch of 5.3 rock. There’s one awkward and exposed move involved. After this pitch, there’s another 5.4 rock step, but not super exposed. I’m not expert on grading but I feel it’s more technical than Fisher Peak’s crux, though as exposed. After this section we topped out on the exposed south ridge. I led up that section while practicing placing protection. Soon we stood on the summit.

Kevin leads up the crux chimney

Kevin leads up the crux chimney

Continuing up.

Continuing up.

Me follows up

Me follows up

Now we are on the S. Ridge. Summit isn't far from this point.

Now we are on the S. Ridge. Summit isn’t far from this point.


Summit Panorama. Click to view large size


Looking deep into Yoho Valley. In the background are peaks on Wapta Icefield.


Daly Glacier, Mt. Niles and Mt. Daly


Kicking Horse Pass on left; Lake Louise/O’Hara group on center and right.


Mount Stephen of left; The Goodsirs at center; Mount Vaux on right.


Looking deep southwest. The valley on left eventually leads to Golden


The west range of Rockies, with Selkirks poking behind


Mount Carnarvon


President and Vice President


Takakkaw Falls is where we started


Me on the summit

Obviously previous parties had rappelled down the mountain, which simplified our work quite a bit. However, we didn’t trust the webbing so we used our own slings. We had to be extra careful of rappelling as a small mistake can easily lead to tragedy. Kevin pretty much did everything for me as I’m the very beginner in terms of rope work. Putting on my weight on the rope while hanging above the cliff really made me nervous as it was so different from relying on my own hand and foot holds. But on the other hand, this is much safer than down-climbing 5th class terrain.


Going down the south ridge



We had lots of time so we did some extra scrambling on the way down. Kevin also climbed back up the chimney on the first black rock band. We stayed on the down-climber’s left side of the main gully, which forced us doing some unnecessary bushwhacking. We soon cut into the gully and that was much more enjoyable. At the end of the day, we enjoyed a pleasant hike out while soaking in the views.

Kevin challenges a fun step that he missed on the way up.

Kevin challenges a fun step that he missed on the way up.

Afternoon sun makes the rocks more beautiful

Afternoon sun makes the rocks more beautiful

Kevin walking down the main gully.

Kevin walking down the main gully.

Now we were back to Emerald Pass Trail

Now we were back to Emerald Pass Trail

A wide shot of Yoho Lake

A wide shot of Yoho Lake

Another shot of Yoho Lake. I like the shadows produced by the trees.

Another shot of Yoho Lake. I like the shadows produced by the trees.

An obligatory shot of Takakkaw Falls at the end of the day.

An obligatory shot of Takakkaw Falls at the end of the day.

No need to introduce again...

No need to introduce again…

All in all I’d say Wapta Mountain deserves its reputation as being one of the harder scrambles in Alan Kane’s list. I’m happy to have it ascended and now I’m looking forward to the “top 2” – Northover and Smuts which I hopefully can get a chance to attempt in this year.

  1. Brian Belchamber, Major says:

    We enjoyed your photos and commentary very much. We have a large water color painting of Mt Wapta, taken from the view of Pipestone Creek, signed by Marmaduke Mattews in 1888. If you are interested in having a photo of our picture we would be willing to send it to you. Mattews trecked in by horse and mule to get his painting completed. Any additional pictures you have so we can provide a further history would be most appreciated. Thanks very much
    Brian Belchamber, Major (Ret’d)

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